The research identifies and describes the administrative procedures for implementing RES electricity generation infrastructure projects in Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. In addition, administrative procedures for deploying the same technologies in Nordic countries - Finland, Norway and Sweden - are analysed on the same basis as in the Baltic States. In the comparative part of the research, the identified administrative procedures were compared. Furthermore, the processes of installing microgenerators, large and medium-sized solar parks, large and medium-sized wind farms and offshore wind farms were assessed separately, looking at criteria such as the timeline, complexity, information availability, impact of public opinion, and local authorities (municipalities). Based on the information gathered in the research and comparative part, and taking into account the objectives and targets set out in the Green Deal, Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of The European Parliament and of The Council of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and the Baltic NECP, recommendations for improving the existing administrative procedures were developed. Employees of national and municipal authorities, developers of solar and wind park projects for electricity generation from RES, can use the results to gain a general understanding of the process and the regulatory framework. In cooperation with municipalities, the research could be used as a basis for an in-depth study to optimise administrative procedures.
Study was financed from INTERREG Baltic supported project EUSBSR “PA Energy”. (https://www.em.gov.lv/lv/interreg-baltic-sea-region-financed-policy-area-energy-projects.)
Ministry of Economics of Latvia is the EUSBSR Policy Area (PA) ‘Energy’ coordinator. PA ‘Energy’ focuses on ensuring competitive, secure and sustainable energy in the Baltic Sea region.